2016-2017 Colloquium Lecture Series Archive

Provided below are the 2016-2017 academic year College of Optical Sciences Colloquium lectures. The current lecture series can be found on the main Colloquium page.

2016-2017

  • Thursday, September 8, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Sandia National Laboratories: A National Security Lab

    Sandia National Laboratories core mission of stockpile stewardship supports a broad array of science and technology capabilities. Over the last 4 decades, these capabilities have been increasingly applied outside of the nuclear weapons role in support of...

  • Thursday, September 15, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    New Prospects for the Exploration of Alpha Centauri System: Science and Technology Overview

    The recent discovery of an earth-like planet in the Habitable Zone of Proxima Centauri has brought the world’s attention to our closest star system: Alpha Centauri, which consists of two sun-like binary stars at a distance of 4.37 light years, and a red dwarf called Proxima Centauri at 4....

  • Thursday, September 22, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Terahertz Space Telescope (TST): A Far-Infrared Probe of Cosmic Origins and Destiny

    The Terahertz Space Telescope (TST) utilizes breakthrough inflatable technology to create a ~30 m far-infrared observing system at a fraction of the cost of previous space telescopes. As a follow-on to JWST and Herschel, TST will probe the FIR/THz regime with unprecedented sensitivity and...

  • Thursday, September 29, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    The Search for Life around Nearby Stars: from Remote Sensing to Interstellar Travel

    A significant fraction of stars are now believed to host rocky planets in their habitable zone, offering excellent opportunities for life to appear. The nearest star to our solar system (Proxima Cen) does have such a planet, and our immediate stellar neighborhood probably hosts about a dozen...

  • Thursday, October 6, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    The Priceless Mirrors

    There is a group of people creating mirrors at the University of Arizona. They sometimes spent 7 years to produce a mirror. These mirrors enable unique and powerful optical systems such as (1) Giant Magellan Telescope, a 25m camera; (2) Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, an 8.4m action-cam; and (3...

  • Thursday, October 13, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Design of a Science Camera as a Wavefront Sensor

    The near-infrared camera (NIRCam) for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a unique instrument as it serves two roles on the telescope. It is a science camera to provide imaging from 0.6 to 5 microns to fulfill the goals of the JWST Project to...

  • Thursday, October 27, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    SPIDER: Lockheed Martin’s vision for a chip-scale interferometric imaging sensor

    The Advanced Technology Center (ATC) is a small R&D lab in Palo Alto, California within Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company which aims to solve challenging engineering & integration problems and provide next generation...

  • Thursday, November 3, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Ultrafast Lasers for Photonics Fabrication and Additive Manufacturing, Optical Differentiation Wavefront Sensing, and Coherent Phasing and Deformable Gratings

    The research on next-generation, laser-based manufacturing technologies is highly interdisciplinary, intersecting novel ultrafast laser technology, systems, metrology, precision controls, materials, the associated laser-material interaction processes.  The first part of the talk presents...

  • Thursday, November 10, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Using Complementary Optical and Synchrotron X-Ray Techniques to Understand the Complex Liquid Crystalline Ordering in Layered Phases of Tilted Molecules

    Liquid crystal molecules have found wide spread applications in electro-optical devices due to their optical and dielectric anisotropy.  The layered (smectic) liquid crystal phases are particularly interesting because they can be prepared as free-standing films as thin as a single molecular...

  • Thursday, November 17, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Spatio-temporal Optical Vortices

    When an optical pulse propagating through a nonlinear medium exceeds a certain threshold power, it can focus itself and collapse, in theory, to a singularity. In practice, several physical mechanisms mitigate or arrest the catastrophic collapse and the pulse continues propagation as a...

  • Thursday, December 1, 2016 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Imaging LIDAR

    Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR), or Laser Imaging Detection and Ranging technology in consumer market becomes of interest. Autonomous vehicles and Advanced Driver Assistance Systems of course are one of the major application fields for LIDAR, though they are not the only segments, but LIDAR...

  • Friday, January 13, 2017 - 3:00pm
    Building Materials from Light: Photonic Landau Levels and Rydberg-mediated Interactions

    Advances in the control of light propagation and photon-photon interactions have lead to a new notion of photonic materials -- states of light that resemble material systems. I will describe our experimental approach to photonic materials, in which we use a degenerate non-planar optical...

  • Tuesday, January 17, 2017 - 2:00pm
    Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Aerosols and Clouds Using High-Accuracy Polarimetry

    Ambient particulate matter is the largest global environmental risk factor, causing millions of premature deaths per year.  In addition, the direct interaction of aerosols with sunlight, and the indirect effect through their impact on cloud formation, represent the largest uncertainty in...

  • Thursday, January 26, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Imaging at the speed of light

    Recent advances in CMOS fabrication now provide us with a new generation cameras in which each single pixel is a single photon avalanche diode and contains all the electronics for so-called time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC). These cameras allow obvious applications in the field of...

  • Thursday, February 2, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    A Brief History of Time(keeping): Metrology and quantum simulation with optical lattice clocks

    Optical lattice clocks (OLCs) are now the most stable and accurate timekeepers in the world, with fractional accuracies equivalent to neither losing nor gaining a second over the entire age of the universe. This unprecedented level of metrological precision offers sensitivity to new quantum,...

  • Thursday, February 9, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Seeing with the nano-eye: accessing structure, function, and dynamics of matter on its natural length and time scales

    To understand and ultimately control the properties of most functional materials, from molecular soft-matter to quantum materials, requires access to the structure, coupling, and dynamics on the elementary time and length scales that define the microscopic interactions in these materials. To...

  • Thursday, February 16, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Molecular Diffraction Imaging and Attosecond soft-X-rays

    Electron recollision in an intense laser field is at the centre of attoscience research and gives rise to a variety of phenomena, ranging from electron diffraction to coherent soft X-ray emission. We have, over the years, developed intense sources of waveform controlled mid-IR light to exploit...

  • Tuesday, February 21, 2017 - 11:00am
    Single Molecule Detection with Microtoroid Resonators

    Label-free single molecule detection has been a long-standing goal of bioengineers and physicists. The main obstacle in the detection of single molecules, however, is to sufficiently decrease the noise level of the measurements such that a single molecule can be distinguished from background...

  • Thursday, February 23, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    EUV Technology for the semiconductor industry

    The Chip industry is still pursuing Moore’s law to build devices with smaller transistors and less power consumption to provide integrated circuits for a quickly growing landscape of applications. The lenses needed to provide the resolution and aberration levels required by the Chip...

  • Thursday, March 2, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Telescope and Adaptive Optics at W. M. Keck Observatory

    The twin 10-m diameter Keck telescopes were the first of a new generation of large (8 to 10 m) telescopes that came on line in the 1990s. The first natural guide star (NGS) and laser guide star (LGS) adaptive optics (AO) systems on this generation of large telescopes were implemented on the Keck...

  • Thursday, March 9, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Zero index on a photonic chip: physics and applications

    Metamaterials with a refractive index of zero exhibit physical properties, including infinite phase velocity and wavelength. Until recently it was not possible to implement these materials on a photonic chip, restricting the investigation and application of zero-index phenomena to simple shapes...

  • Thursday, March 23, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Saving Planet Earth with the Near-Earth Object Camera (NEOCam) Radiometric Sensitivity Model

    Planet Earth is drifting through a cosmic shooting gallery of the relatively unchanged remnant debris from the solar system formation process. The Near-Earth Object Camera (NEOCam) is a 50-cm infrared (IR) space telescope orbiting the Sun-Earth L1 Lagrange point that will detect, track, and...

  • Thursday, March 30, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    3D superresolution imaging with full-field structured stimulated emission depletion

    Fluorescence microscopy has long been an essential tool for studying cell structure and function. Various superresolution microscopy methods, which offer resolution surpasses the diffraction limit of resolution, have become faster and safer for live imaging. Nonlinear Structured-Illumination...

  • Tuesday, April 4, 2017 - 3:30pm - 4:30pm
    Development of New Imaging Technologies and their Application in Basic and Applied Clinical Science

    This talk will present ongoing research enabling microscopic and macroscopic imaging of living tissue.  The talk will focus on both high-resolution endoscopic imaging for clinical diagnostics applications as well as multi-modality imaging of tumor microenvironment for basic...

  • Thursday, April 6, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor (IRIS) —Technology for Multiplexed Diagnostics and Digital Detection

     Optical biosensors are highly promising for future generation diagnostics by providing means to detect biomarkers in a highly sensitive, specific, quantitative and multiplexed fashion. We developed an optical sensing technology, Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor (IRIS), and the...

  • Thursday, April 13, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Intellectual Property Considerations for Optical Engineers and Scientists

    A patent is a technical manuscript, a legal document, a business asset, a sword, a shield, and a teaching tool, all at the same time.  It is a mechanism to tell the world about your invention, to build equity for your company, and to exclude others from practicing your invention without...

  • Thursday, April 20, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Berry Phase, Polarization, and the Point Spread Function

    Optical design methods for the incorporation of polarization continue to evolve. The effect of these polarization aberrations on diffraction image formation are discussed for several types of systems including space-based polarimeters and coronagraphs. One topic is the polarization...

  • Thursday, April 27, 2017 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
    Optical Engineering Beyond the Design

    Concepts and principles beyond traditional optical engineering that are used at The Aerospace Corporation to develop novel sensors for airborne and space environments will be discussed.  Designing and deploying such novel sensors requires a collaborative and multi-disciplinary approach to...